Kain Colter testifies in bid to form college union

(AP) Northwestern quarterback Kain Colter testified Tuesday that he was essentially paid to play via his scholarship as the National Labor Relations Board opened a closely watched hearing on a bid to form what would be the first union for college athletes in U.S. history.

From a witnesses stand in a federal court building, Colter characterized playing college football as a job and said schools make clear to incoming players that athletics are a higher priority than academics.

Colter, a co-founder of the newly formed College Athletes Players Association, said players adhere to grueling schedules, putting in 40- to 50-hour weeks on football during and before the season. During August training, he said, players wake at 8 a.m. and often only finish practice at 10 p.m.

[ MORE: Read @TeddyGreenstein's tweets from court ]

“It’s a job, there is no way around it – it’s a job,” said Colter, a 21-year-old senior whose college career is over.

Asked why Northwestern gave him a scholarship of $75,000 a year, he responded: “To play football. To perform an athletic service.” Later, he said players earn the money, in part, “by sacrificing our bodies.”

Whether the players qualify under federal law as employees is the core question for the NLRB to answer. If they are deemed employees, they would have rights to unionize. Whatever ruling the panel makes can be appealed.

The Colter-led bid, which is supported by the United Steelworkers, is seen as a test case that could transform the landscape of college athletics. The NCAA and Big Ten Conference, which includes Northwestern, both maintain that college students are not employees whatever their participation might be in athletics.

During his opening statement, an attorney representing the university, Alex Barbour, challenged the notion the players are employees. He said academics are at the center of a football player’s college experience.

Jerry Lai-USA TODAY Sports

Jerry Lai-USA TODAY Sports

“Academics always trumps athletics at Northwestern,” he said. “Northwestern is not a football factory.”

During his testimony, Colter said he abandoned his hopes of entering a pre-med program because of time demands Northwestern makes on football players. He said chemistry was invariably offered at times that conflicted with football practice.

“You fulfill the football requirement and, if you can, you fit in academics,” he said. “You have to sacrifice one, But we can’t sacrifice football. … We are brought to the university to play football.”

Devoting more time to academics at the expense of his football, he added, could result in the loss of a scholarship. Asked if coaches ever told players to leave practice and go study, Colter said no.

Another Northwestern attorney, Anna Wermuth, asked Colter whether playing football was, in itself, part of the education process. Does it help players learn to “critically analyze information?” she asked.

“We learn to critically analyze a defense,” said Colter, who ended up studying psychology. Football also taught values, including perseverance, he added.

“But that does not mean it helps you earn a psychology degree,” he said. “It makes it harder.”

Colter said most of the team’s 85 scholarship players support forming a union, though he has been the only one to step forward publicly with the support of the Steelworkers, the players association and its leader, former UCLA linebacker Ramogi Huma.

Supporters say a union would provide athletes a vehicle to lobby for financial security and improved safety, noting that players are left out of the billions generated through college athletics. They contend scholarships sometimes don’t even cover living expenses for a full year.

University attorneys are expected to call their own witnesses later in the week. A decision by the NLRB could come soon after the testimony concludes.

For now, the push is to unionize athletes at private schools, like Northwestern. Public universities, which are subject to different regulations, could follow later.

Follow Michael Tarm at https://twitter.com/mtarm

Find out more about: ,

2 Comments

Your Opinion?
Show Comments (2 Comments)
Paul on 2/18/2014 @ 9:43pm EDT Said:

I agree that all NCAA athletes should be given a stipend (with no difference between a volleyball player or football player). To unionize to accomplish this is going too far. If they consider themselves employees of the university their scholarships and any stipends should be taxed as ordinary income(just like any other employee). Welcome to the real world, where the federal, state, and local governments are going to get their cut first.

Cheryl Huddleston on 2/18/2014 @ 10:24pm EDT Said:

Athletes are not employees. Does he truly think they are the only students with grueling schedules? And these non-athlete students do it 365 days a year in comparison to a football player’s relatively short season Not only was he given $75,000. I’m sure he had free tutoring, a meal table and plenty of other amenities. He could not handle both the football and the academics – funny so many other athletes can do it…know lots of doctors, lawyers, engineers, therapists who were elite college athletes. Guess he had a lot of shortfalls,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Have a question for BTN Customer Service? Please e-mail us here